The Salt of the EarthDVD - 2014
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GENESIS made Sebastiao again travel the world for nearly a decade. It was to show nature, animals, places and people They are living as the beginning of time. A more optimistic view of the same planet that Sebastiao had looked hurt and destroyed.
The man whose photographs have told us thousands of stories about our planet, It leaves us a great history and a great dream: the destruction of nature can be reversed. More than a thousand fountains watering again "Terra Institute". There are already planted 2.5 million trees. The wildlife has returned, even jaguars. The earth is no longer possession of Salgado. Now a national park that belongs to everyone. Is the demonstration that devastated lands anywhere they can return to forest.
This was my last trip, this sad adventure in Rwanda. I went there. He does not believe in anything. He did not believe in the salvation of the human race. We could not survive that. We did not deserve to live anymore. No one deserved to live. How many times I threw the camera down to mourn for what he saw? Sebastiao had peered into the heart of darkness and he questioned his work as a social photographer and witness to the human condition. What remained to be done after Rwanda?
Sometimes, just we look at a tree and think about its verticality, in its beauty. But everything depends on it, our water, our oxygen ... It is home to everyone. Ants, small insects, cicadas ...All are in the tree.
Everyone should see these images, to see how terrible it is our species. These orphans, I found them on the road ... Of these three children, the two with the most lively eyes will survive. The eyes of the morbid, he was dying. When I left there, I was sick. Very sick. My body was sick. It was not an infectious disease, my soul was sick... The United Nations began to force them to return. We felt that the whole planet was covered in refugee tents.
A group of 250,000 people left the city of Goma and they went into the Congo forest. ... But when you think about 250,000 people left, and 40,000 returnees ... 210,000 people were missing. And in parallel, life continued. Men who cut hair. And this Congolese here, with his calculator dollars trying to collect people, currencies, and it was there trying to change them. In the middle of nowhere! Amid a forest isolated from everything.
We were there at the right time. Just as families arrived in a state of high anxiety. There were only women, elderly and children. The young men had been detained or killed. It is rare that this happens in Europe, the late twentieth century. But here, the cars, we can see that those people with a standard of living a European standard of living, with a European intellectual level. A European infrastructure. And who lost everything. Hundreds of kilometers filled with people and cars. We are a very fierce animal. We are a terrible animal, we humans. It is here in Europe, whether in Africa, Latin America, wherever. Our violence is extreme. Our history is a history of wars. It is a story without end, a history of repression,
Amid all this anguish, something touched me very much. It was seeing this mother with her little child, and the little child's confidence in her mother.
Violence and brutality they are not a monopoly of distant countries. It is here, in Europe, in the former Yugoslavia. It's very shocking. ... Violence is widespread. What I dislike most is to see how much hatred is contagious. These people have seen violence. Entire families. All Krajina Serb population was expelled.
In several days, in the month of July 1994 Goma region ... welcomed more than two million people. And there catastrophe was installed, diseases such as cholera began to spread and people started dropping like flies. There were at least 12,000 or 15,000 deaths a day.
... another burning issue of our times was the displacement of entire populations due to wars, famines and the role of the global market. As Europe closed its borders, Sebastiao trying to shed light on the lives of the marginalized. ... new chapter called "Exodus". It sparked global concern about the lives of these refugees de India, Vietnam, Filipinas, South America, Palestine, Iraq and many other places.
in 1994, when the Rwandan president's plane He was killed. It all started with a great movement of population to Tanzania due to the brutal repression against the Tutsis in Rwanda. And I was one of the first to arrive. It was a catastrophe. People who fled to Burundi, al Congo, a Uganda...They fled to everywhere. ... Genocide was committed in that country. Were about 150 kilometers to the outskirts of Kigali, and 150 kilometers of dead.
In 1991, at the end of the first Gulf War, Iraqi troops withdrew and Saddam Hussein set fire to thousands of oil wells. Thousands of firefighters from around the world descended on those oil fields. Sebastiao had to go too, driven by curiosity of this explosive profession. When I saw the first images on TV, I knew I had to do that report. It was like working in a big theater. Some 500 wells on fire. A scene set in huge, the size of a planet. No controlled us, we could go where we wanted. There were fumes, thick smoke, oil. All that accumulated smoke was so dense that the sun did not pass. Sometimes it was dark 24 hours. After putting out the fire the ground was so hot, they had to throw a lot of water for cooling, if not, the temperature was so high that oil burn again. Still, sometimes, There was an explosion that sounded like a cannon. The noise was deafening. It was like working near the engine of a plane. Today I'm a little deaf. My deafness began then.
This kid was alone, with his little guitar in hand, He is carrying the remains of a shirt, but not wearing pants. Watch the determination, the posture. He is someone who knows where it goes. Looking for other groups of people, with his dog ... A boy of eight, nine years. ... Photos, the book and the exhibition of Lélia, they called the world's attention on droughts, and the fate of millions of lives.
WORKERS - The third volume of photographs conceived with Lélia. I wanted to pay a kind of homage all men and women who built our world. The archeology of the industrial era. ... He photographed steelworkers in the Soviet Union, he lived with saboteurs ships in Bangladesh, sailed with fishermen in Galicia and Sicily, He showed the mechanical production of cars in Kolkata. He watched farmers in Rwanda, country had already visited, but as an economist. Now the mission was another. His perspective had changed, but he was the same. Driven by the same empathy for the human condition.
THE END OF THE ROAD 1984-1986 -- For his next project, which would lead to Sahel in Africa,
Sebastiao began working with MSF. I worked in Ethiopia in 1984. And then I continued throughout the Sahel, 85 and 86. Finally, spend nearly two years in a row in this region doing a story about hunger. There was a refugee camp, the largest in the history of mankind so far. I had a wild desire to show that. To show that there was a large part of humanity is living in poverty. Which it was mostly a problem of deals, not just a question of natural disasters. ... Dying here is like a continuation of life. People get used to die.
The skin of the people were like the bark of trees. Trees marked by wind and sand, by sandstorms. There were only women and children. The men went to Libya to work, or they migrated to Ivory Coast in search of work with the promise to return and bring food for the family. But very few returned.
The eyes speak volumes, the expression of the face. When you do a portrait, is not you alone who takes the picture. The person offers photo.
Infant mortality was very high in the northeast of Brazil. These are children who died before baptism. It is believed that unbaptized children, they have no right to go to heaven. They stay in a region between both worlds, called limbo. Children buried with his eyes closed, they were baptized. If his eyes were open ... and they buried him to find his way. Otherwise, it was wandering for eternity.
In Brazil, we had and still have a great movement of landless peasants. Many of them, the majority come from here. Proviene del northeast of Brazil. They are people a great moral force, great physical strength, despite being very fragile because they eat poorly.
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